Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to a number of connected sorts of garments originating within the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting garments derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans all through East India Company rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a superior a lot of Other people from the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is actually as a result of White Ants."
Conventional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas tend to be named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas attribute a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-first century They may be somewhat scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are lots of versions in model which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, stretch-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Usually worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and may be footed.
Whilst muske pidzame pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short costume top over shorts or short pants.[eighteen]
Pajamas may perhaps today refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.